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              St. Paul's [Jesuit]                     Tshimakain [Chemokane]                   Catholic Mission                         Protestant Mission

  Over nine years, four delegations of indigenous natives travelled from west of the Rockies to St. Louis to request of the Catholic viceroy there that black robes be sent to teach them of Euro-American belief in eternal life.  Upwards of 75+% of indigenous natives died from disease epidemics occurring between the late Eighteenth Century to late Nineteenth Century.   Father Jean Pierre DeSmet recruited priests to serve the indigenous nations of these native delegations seeking baptism for their dying children.  In 1841, they began their mission in the Bitteroot River Valley of today's Western Montana. 
In 1838, having journeyed from Montreal, Canada, Father Blanchet had come to the Oregon Country along with Father Demers.  Here about Shonitkwu falls Father Blanchett conducted the first Catholic baptisms north of California and west of the Rockies on his downriver descent.  He was headed to the Willamette Valley to establish a mission near where retired French-Canadian fur trappers and traders with their families had created an agricultural settlement.  For some time they had been sending requests to Montreal for a priest for them.   
  As there were not enough priests to supply the spiritual needs of all  indigenous native believers, French-Canadian fur trappers and traders and their Metis off-spring, priests travelled between missions staying for periods of a month or more to provide teaching, worship, baptisms, marriages and burials.   A Jesuit missionary             
created the "talking stick" on which were artistically depicted key biblical stories.  This visual aid facilitated the Jesuit missionaries Bible lesson teaching.  Indigenous native men especially liked the colorful worship raiment attire of the black robes [Jesuit priests] during the church year seasons.   Thus, having no families, Jesuit missionaries like Father DeSmet,  as they periodically rotated their services to their various missions, were not perceived as settler colonizers by the indigenous native nations in the Oregon Country.

  The constancy of somber black attire and sober theological teachings did not attract indigenous native members to become mission congregants.  Over his nine year residency there, Tshimakain Mission's Reverend Walker did decipher the basic native Spokan language and had printed a small dictionary of these words.  His co-missionary, was Reverend Cushing Eels, who much later founded Walla Walla's Whitman College.   
  They had established their mission there along Chemokane Creek per the 1835 scouting report to the Boston-based American Board of Christian Foreign Missions by Rev. Samuel Parker.  Its Chief Spokan Garry had for several years prior conducted lay teaching and worship times with his people.  As a boy, he had attended the Anglican Red River School near HBCo's Fort Garry (today's Winnipeg, Manitoba, CANADA).
  Whereas gardening and livestock-rearing was to missionaries Walker and Eels exemplification of sustainable agricultural practices, in reality, to the indigenous natives, Protestant missionaries were pre-US American settler colonizers.   In 1843,  fellow missionary, Marcus Whitman, led the first pioneers of the historic Oregon Trail right through the heart of the Cayuse Indian nation's territory to his Waiilatpu Mission on his return travel from Boston.  In doing so, he proved travelling by land was attainable for aspiring settler colonizers of the Oregon Country.                                                                              

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